Each département is governed by an elected general council, which holds responsibility for local services, laws, and budget; an officer called a (Mayotte only became a department after the election.). Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! In the administrative divisions of France, the department (French: dÃ©partement, pronounced [depaÊtÉmÉÌ]) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the communes. Unlike the rest of French-controlled Africa, Algeria was divided into overseas departments from 1848 until its independence in 1962. Eit departement (fransk: département) er ein fransk adminstrativ eining noklunde tilsvarande eit norsk fylke (ein provins).Frankrike er delt inn i 96 departement. In 1860, France acquired the County of Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Boundaries were chosen to break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. The goal was for the prefecture to be accessible on horseback from any town in the department within 24 hours.  Desde o século XVII, Paris é um dos principais centros de finanças, diplomacia, comércio, moda, ciência e artes da Europa. Since March 2011, the five overseas departments and regions of France are: Guadeloupe and Réunion each have separate departmental and regional councils, while in Mayotte, Guiana and Martinique, the two layers of government are consolidated so one body wields both sets of powers. Das Territorium der Französischen Republik ist nach zentralstaatlichem Strukturprinzip in 101 Départements unterteilt. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. As of 2019, Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse are still administrative departments, although they no longer have the status of departmental "territorial collectivities": region and department functions have been managed by a "single territorial collectivity" since 2018. Even Paris was in the department of Seine. Initially, the numbers corresponded to the alphabetical order of the names of the departments, but several changed their names, so the correspondence became less exact. Residents commonly use the numbers to refer to their own department or a neighbouring one, for example, inhabitants of Loiret may refer to their department as "the 45". Their main areas of responsibility include the management of a number of social and welfare allowances, of junior high school (collÃ¨ge) buildings and technical staff, and local roads and school and rural buses, and a contribution to municipal infrastructures.  Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814â1815, the Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size and the number of departments was reduced to 86 (three of the original departments having been split). During the period of the Revolution, these were dissolved, partly in order to weaken old loyalties. The departments are numbered: their two-digit numbers appear in postal codes, in INSEE codes (including "social security numbers") and on vehicle number plates. As of 2013, there were 36,681 communes in France. In the administrative divisions of France, the department (French: département, pronounced [depaʁtəmɑ̃]) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the communes.Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as overseas regions. Each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council (conseil dÃ©partemental [sing. For example, the name of Berry, though no longer having an official status, remains up to the present in widespread use in daily life. Nekrolog François Furet (1927-1997) von Eberhard Weis, München. E departement (neet te verwarre mit de Departeminte van Fraankriek) is 'n aafdeiling en 't waord wuuertj döks gebroek veur e bepaoldj gebiedsdeil in e landj of 'n aafdeiling van 'n verein of organisatie mit aan te duje.Zoea wuuertj de benaming in 't Belsj ouch in 't óngerrich gebroek veur 'n subfaculteit of universitair vakgroep. Département, largest unit of local government in France and in some former French colonies. D'Seine-et-Marne ass e franséischt Departement, an der Regioun Île-de-France. Mayotte became an overseas department on 31 March 2011.. Eit departement vert leia av ein prefekt, tilsvarande norsk fylkesmann, og ei folkevald forsamling, conseil général.Departementa er gruppert i 22 regionar i sjølve Frankrike og fire oversjøiske regionar. Departement (Frankrig) – en administrativ enhed i Frankrig. Články v kategorii „Departementy v Hauts-de-France“ Zobrazuje se 5 stránek z celkového počtu 5 stránek v této kategorii.  Diese sind in 13 Regionen (inkl. The overseas departments and regions of France (French: départements et régions d’outre-mer or DROM) are departments of France that are outside metropolitan France, the European part of France. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. Départements were created during the French revolution in 1791. They have nearly the same political status as metropolitan departments, although special constitutional provisions allow them greater autonomy and they are excluded from certain domestic statistics, such as the unemployment rate. Most were named after an area's principal river or other physical features. Boundaries were set so that every settlement in the country was within a day's ride of the capital of a department. ), while the smallest is the city of Paris (105 km2; 40 sq. All five of France's overseas departments have between 200,000 and 1,000,000 people each, whereas Saint Pierre and Miquelon has only about 6,000, and the smaller collectivity unit therefore seemed more appropriate for the islands. This was a security measure, intended to keep the entire national territory under close control. The earliest known suggestion of it is from 1764 in the writings of d'Argenson. English: Location of department No. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as overseas regions. The division of France into departments was a project particularly identified with the French revolutionary leader the AbbÃ© SieyÃ¨s, although it had already been frequently discussed and written about by many politicians and thinkers. Est-il bien utile de référencer le département 20 alors que 2A et 2B sont définis ?  Each council has a president. mi. 96 der 101 Départements liegen in Europa, die restlichen 5 sind Übersee-Départements (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Französ… The largest in area is Gironde (10,000 km2; 4000 sq. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and relevant forum discussions free vocabulary trainer With few exceptions, the departments had this role until the early 1960s. Each department has a coat of arms with which it is commonly associated, though not all are officially recognised or used. France's earliest, short-lived attempt at setting up overseas departments was after Napoleon's conquest of the Republic of Venice in 1797, when the hitherto Venetian Ionian islands fell to the French Directory and were organised as the departments of Mer-Égée, Ithaque and Corcyre. Before 1982, the chief executive of the department was the prefect (prÃ©fet), who represents the Government of France in each department and is appointed by the President of the French Republic. In continental France (metropolitan France, excluding Corsica), the median land area of a department is 5,965 km2 (2,303 sq mi), which is two-and-a-half times the median land area of the ceremonial counties of England and the preserved counties of Wales and slightly more than three-and-half times the median land area of a county of the United States. Under the 1947 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Algeria in North Africa, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Caribbean, French Guiana in South America, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean were defined as overseas departments. English translations given are those most commonly used. The first French territorial departments were proposed in 1665 by Marc-RenÃ© d'Argenson to serve as administrative areas purely for the Ponts et ChaussÃ©es (Bridges and Highways) infrastructure administration.. In practice, his role has been largely limited to preventing local policy from conflicting with national policy. This was determined according to the time taken to travel on horseback from the periphery of the department. Departments may be divided into arrondissements. Their boundaries served two purposes: The old nomenclature was carefully avoided in naming the new departments. The most populous is Nord (2,550,000) and the least populous is LozÃ¨re (74,000).  This committee advocates, on the contrary, the suppression of the cantons.. In 1798 the Russian Admiral Fyodor Ushakov evicted the French from these islands, and though France regained them in 1807, the three departments were not revived. The department of Bas-Rhin and parts of Meurthe, Moselle, Vosges and Haut-Rhin were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. In 1922, it became France's 90th department. Ledes af en departementschef. Almost all of them were named after physical geographical features (rivers, mountains, or coasts), rather than after historical or cultural territories which could have their own loyalties. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Learn the translation for ‘departement’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. ## (see filename) in France as of Jan 2016. The two-digit code "98" is used by Monaco. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2004. France is divided into 18 administrative regions (French: régions, singular région), of which 13 are located in metropolitan France (i.e. Please expand this table to list all countries containing significant parts of the department. The number of departments, initially 83, had been increased to 130 by 1809 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the First French Empire. When France regained the ceded departments after World War I, the Territoire de Belfort was not re-integrated into Haut-Rhin. The overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon was an overseas department from 1976 to 1985. overseas countries and territories and outermost regions, Overseas Territories of France (European Parliament constituency), Special member state territories and the European Union, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, "Estimation de la population au 1ᵉʳ janvier 2020", "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par département, sexe et grande classe d'âge", Ministry of the overseas departments and territories, past and current developments of France’s overseas administrative divisions like DOMs and TOMs, oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast', List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Overseas_departments_and_regions_of_France&oldid=990279605, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Party affiliation of the General Council Presidents of the various departments in the elections of 2001. The 89 departments were given numbers based on the alphabetical order of their names. This reform project has since been abandoned. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. This is a list of modern French départements. |< Start << -10 < -5 : zurück : Seite vor +5 > + 10 >> Ende >| Gehe zu Seite Et gouf zesumme mat 82 aneren Departementer ënner der Franséischer Revolutioun, de 4. Algeria became independent in 1962 while the others are still French departments. Originally, the relationship between the departments and the central government was left somewhat ambiguous. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department. This right was granted to French Polynesia by a 6 September 1984, law and to New Caledonia by the. English words for départements include department, county, division, branch, service, agency, desk and bureau. The Online Workouts Changing How You Get Active at Home The best at-home workouts to keep fit without the gym. The removal of one or more levels of local government has been discussed for some years; in particular, the option of removing the departmental level. By the close of the Ancien RÃ©gime, it was organised into provinces.
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